Rapid Application Development

Speedy Application Development

Rapid Application development was a term first coined by British Information Technology consultant and author, James Martin so as to utilize the newly developed softwares for the powerful, Fast development.

RAD is a linear sequential software development process model that emphasis an extremely short development cycle using a component based construction approach. If the requirements are well understood and defines, and the project scope is constraint, the RAD process enables a development team to create a fully functional system with in very short time period.
RAD model has the certain number of steps or we may say a particular life cycle that has to be completed before implmentation of it. They are:
  1. Business Modeling: The information flow among business functions is defined by answering questions like what information drives the business process, what information is generated, who generates it, where does the information go, who process it and so on.
  2. Data Modeling: The information collected from business modeling is refined into a set of data objects (entities) that are needed to support the business. The attributes (character of each entity) are identified and the relation between these data objects (entities) is defined.
  3. Process Modeling:The data object defined in the data modeling phase are transformed to achieve the information flow necessary to implement a business function. Processing descriptions are created for adding, modifying, deleting or retrieving a data object.
  4. Application Generation: Automated tools are used to facilitate construction of the software; even they use the 4th GL techniques.
  5. Testing and Turn over: Many of the programming components have already been tested since RAD emphasis reuse. This reduces overall testing time. But new components must be tested and all interfaces must be fully exercised.

Traditional Development

Essential Aspects of RAD
Rapid Application Development has four essential aspects: methodology, people, management, and tools. If any one of these ingredients is inadequate, development will not be high speed. Development lifecycles, which weave these ingredients together as effectively as possible, are of the utmost importance.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of RAD?
RAD reduces the development time and reusability of components help to speed up development. All functions are modularized so it is easy to work with.
For large projects RAD require highly skilled engineers in the team. Both end customer and developer should be committed to complete the system in a much abbreviated time frame. If commitment is lacking RAD will fail. RAD is based on Object Oriented approach and if it is difficult to modularize the project the RAD may not work well.


The RAD methodology uses both computerized tools and human efforts to achieve the goals of high end speed and quality. The above has been primarily concerned with the goals of Rapid Application Development and the role of organizations and the people within those organizations in the achievement of those goals. The success of any Rapid Application Development project is primarily dependent, however upon the tools used.


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